Voice Change of Imperative Sentence

VOICE CHANGE OF IMPERATIVE SENTENCE

The sentences that make us request, order and advice are called Imperative sentence. Imperative sentences are always in present tense. Imperative sentences start with a verb or some requested words while Assertive sentences start with a subject and Interrogative sentences with an auxiliary verb. Though the subject in the imperative sentences can not be seen, there is a single subject to all the imperative sentences, and it is ' You' .

Example

a) Water the flowers.
b) Copy the note.
c) Please help her.
d) Don't go there.

Not all imperative sentences are necessarily commands. They can be social expressions. For example
  • Get well soon
  • Have a nice day.
  • Have a sweet dream.

Imperative sentences are of three kinds. They are -

i) Sentences of request
ii) Sentences of order
iii) Sentences of advice 

      SENTENCES OF ORDER

The sentences that make an order are called sentences of order. They starts with an verb.
Example
 i) Don't go there.
ii) Start the machine.
iii) Post the letter.
iv) Receive the guest.

If the active voice belongs to the sentences of order of the Imperative sentence, it is changed into passive voice as follows.

Active voice:- Verb + Obj

Passive voice:- Let + Obj + Be + Verb3

Example-

a) Open    the    door
     verb        obj   

= Let   the door   be   opened.
               obj                    verb3

b) Sing         the    song .
     verb            obj

= Let  the  song     be   sung .

c) Tell     him  to sing the song.
    verb     obj          com

= Let    he    be   told      to sing the song.
            obj         verb3       com

d) Give    him      the pen.
     verb     obj          obj

= Let    the pen  be   given     him.
               obj             verb3     obj  

e) Sell    the vegetables   in the market.
    verb        obj                     com

=  Let   the vegetables  be  sold     in the market.
                 obj                    verb3        com          

f) Solve the sum.
= Let the sum be solved.

g) Cut the tree.
= Let the tree be cut.

h) Meet the man in the morning.
= Let  the man be met in the morning.

i) Delete  her number from my mobile.
= Let her number be deleted from my mobile.

j) Finish the work now.
= Let the work be done now.

k) Rehearse the drama again and again.
= Let the drama be rehearsed again and again.

l) Tell him not to go there.
= Let he be not told to go there.

m) Recite the poem.
= Let the poem be recited.

n) Decorate the stage for the function.
= Let the stage be decorated for the function.

o) Drive the car.
= Let the car be driven.

p) Request him to help me.
= Let he be requested to help me.

q) Welcome the guests to the party.
= Let the guest be welcomed to the party.

r) Repair my car in no time.
= Let my car be repaired in no time.

s) Take the glass of juice.
= Let the glass of juice be taken.

t) Choose one of them .
= Let one of them be chose.

u) Distribute the mangoes among the boys.
= Let the mangoes be distributed among the boys.

v) Complete the task .
= Let the task be completed.

w) Invite only two guests to the meeting.
= Let only two guest be invited to the meeting.
x) Compose the music.
= Let the music be composed.

y) Check the spelling before printing it out.
= Let the spelling be checked before printing it out.

z) Change the voice given below.
= Let the voice be changed given below.

   Passive to Active

a) Let the message be sent.
= Send the message.

b) Let she be requested to sing the song.
= Request her to sing the song.

c) Let the question be answered.
= Answer the question.

d) Let the letter be replied to.
= Reply to the letter.

e) Let the voice be changed.
=  Change the voice be changed.

f) Let me help her.
= Let she be helped by me.

g) Let us arranged the party.
= Let the party be arranged by us.

h) Let he be taken care of by me.
= Let me take care of him.

i) Let the money be spent by her.
= Let her spend the money.

j) Let the text be edited.
= Edit the text. 

k) Let the water be boiled.
= Boil the water.

m) Let the sentences be combined.
= Combine the sentences.

n) Let the call be received.
= Receive the call.

o) Let he be sent for to the meeting.
= Send him for to the meeting.

p) Let the button be clicked.
= Click the button.

* Active Voice Starting with 'Let' is Changed into Passive Voice as Follows.

Active :- Let + Sub + verb + object

Passive :- Let + Obj + be + verb3 + by + sub

Example:-

a) Let  her  finish  the work.
     let  sub   verb    obj

= Let  the work  be  finished by her.
   let +  obj  +    be +  verb3 + by + sub

b) Let me  start  the machine.
           sub  verb    obj

= Let the machine  be  started  by   me.
    let   +     obj     +be+ verb3 +by + obj

c) Let the student solve the sum.
= Let the sum be solved by the students.

d) Let the man  help me.
= Let I be helped by the man.

e) Let The students hold the meeting.
= Let the meeting be held by the students.

f) Let us visit the place.
= Let the place be visited by us.


There are some sentences which are changed into passive voice some different ways.
Examples;-

a) Go to the market.
= You are told to go to the market.

b) Come here.
= You are told to come here.

c) Sit down here.
= You are told to sit down here.

d) You are told to stand up.
= Stand up.

e) You are told to run fast.
= Run fast.

f) Don't laugh.
= You are told not to laugh.

g) Don't cry.
= You are told not to cry.

h) Work hard.
= You are told to work hard.

SENTENCES OF REQUEST

The sentences that make a request  are called sentences of request. This kind of sentences starts with requested words like Please, kindly etc. If the imperative sentences start with the word please, they are changed into passive voice as follows.

A.V. - Please .............
P.V.- You are requested to .............

A.V. - Please don't .......
P.V. - You are requested not to ........ 

Example:-

a) Please tell me your name.
= You are request to tell me your name.

b) Please go there.
= You are requested to go there.

c) Please don't go there.
= You are requested not to go there.

d) Please make a cup of tea for me.
= You are requested to make a cup of tea for me.

e) Please don't tell her so.
= You are requested not to tell her so.

f) Please don't have it.
= You are requested not to have it.

g) Please look up the word in the dictionary.
= You are requested to look up the word in the dictionary.

h) Please meet me soon.
= You are requested to meet me soon.

i) Please take care of her health.
= You are requested to take care of her health.

j) Please sing a song on my request.
= You are requested to sing a song on my request.

k) Please don't touch it.
= You are requested not to touch it.

l) Please don't laugh.
= You are requested not to laugh.

m) Please write down my word.
= You are requested to write down my word.

n) Please make a cup of tea for me.
= You are requested to make a cup of tea for me.


PASSIVE TO ACTIVE

a) You are requested to make a cup of tea for me .
=Please make a cup of tea for me.

b) You are requested not to have it
=Please don't have it.

c)You are requested not to make a noise.
=Please don't make a noise.

d) You are requested not to post the letter.
= Please don't post the letter.

e) You are requested to console her mother.
=Please console her mother.

f) You are requested to recall it again.
=Please recall it again.

g)You are requested not to disturb me.
=Please don't disturb me.

h) You are requested not to laugh.
=Please don't laugh.

i) You are requested not to copy this.
=Please don't copy this.

j) You are requested to accompany him to the market.
=Please accompany him to the market.
   

SENTENCES OF ADVICE

The sentences that make an advice are called Sentences of Advice. If the active voice belongs to the sentences of order of the Imperative sentence, it is changed into passive voice as given below. If the sentence is assertive; the passive voice starts with the phrase " You are requested to " while in case of negative sentence, the passive voice starts with the phrase " You are requested not to " and then the rest part of the sentence is added same to same. 

Examples;-

a) Take care of your health.
= You are advised to take care of your health.

b) Be kind to the poor.
= You are advised to be kind to the poor.

c) Don't waste your time.
= You are advised not to waste your time.

d) Don't boast of your health.
= You are advised not to boast of your health.

e) Don't tell a lie.
= You are advised not to tell a lie.

f) Always be positive.
= You are advised to be positive always.

g) You are advised to beware of false friends.
= Beware of false friends.

h) You are advised not to look down upon the poor.
= Don't look down upon the poor.

i) You are advised not to trust a liar.
= Don't trust a liar.

For Practice

1. Meet the secretary of the committee soon.
2. Get it xerox.
3. Please quench my thirst.
4.Catch the ball.
5. Do the following sentences into English.
6. Preside over the meeting.
7. You are requested to ponder it over again.
8. Don't fall out among yourselves.
9. Please get in soon.
10. Copy the note.
11. Request the boy not to have that chocolate.
12. Let the word be uttered.
13. Let a doctor be called.
14. Scold him not to come here again.
16. Look up the word in the dictionary.
17. Give up smoking.
18. Please give me a cup of coffee.
19) You are requested not to enter the garden.
20. You are advised not to hanker after money.
21. Be kind to your juniors.
22. Don't befriend with them.
23. Make a cup of tea for me.
24.

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