Use Of Little, A Little and The Little

 LITTLE ,A LITTLE AND THE LITTLE

The determiners 'little' , 'a little' and 'the little' are used before an uncountable noun. The determiner 'little' is used to indicate almost nothing. It does not indicate quite nothing. It indicates the quantity which is not enough to do anything. The determiner 'little' is a negative word. The determiner ' a little ' is used to indicate some quantity of an uncountable noun while ' the little' is used to indicate the whole of a certain amount of an uncountable noun.

Example:-

1.  There is little water in the well.

2.  We got little help from Rakhi.

3. A little  learning is a dangerous thing.

4. The patient is very serious, but still there is a little   hope of his recovery.

5. The patient is very serious, there is little hope of his recovery.

6. I know very little about her.

7. I have little money to spend.

8. She gave the beggar the little money she had with her.

9. A busy person has little time to waste.


          FEW, A FEW and THE FEW

The determiners Few, A Few and The Few are used before a countable noun.
The determiner 'Few' is used to indicate almost nothing. The numbers it indicates are not sufficient. Like the determiner ' little ' it is also a negative word. The determiner ' a little ' is used to indicate some numbers of a countable noun while the determiner the few is used to indicate the whole of a certain number of a countable noun.

Examples.

1. Her father is a man of few words.

2. There are few good books in the library of the college.

3. Many guests were invited but only a few turned up in the meeting.

4. First read the few books you have.

5. There are just a few apples left.

6. There are a few girls in our class.

7. He bought the few books he needed.

8. Only a few candidates appeared in the examination.

9. Give me the few books you have with you.

10. Our principal is a man of few words.


MUCH and MANY

The determiner 'Much' is used before an uncountable noun. It is used to indicate a huge amount of an uncountable noun. On the other hand the determiner 'Many' is used before a countable noun. It indicates a huge number of a countable noun.
Example

1. There are much water in the river.

2. There are many good books in the library.

3. We got much help from them.

4. Many guests were invited to the meeting but only a few turned up.

5. Many girls danced along with the Prime Minister.

MUCH and MORE

If the adjective of a comparative sentence is in the form of 'er' ; the determiner 'Much' is used before it.
If the adjective of a comparative sentence is not in the form of 'er' ; the determiner 'More' is used before it.
Example

1. You are much older than her sister. ( here the adjective 'older' is in 'er' form )

2. You are more beautiful than her sister. ( here adjective 'beautiful' is not in 'er' form )

3. Seng is more intelligent than his sister.

4. Priya is much taller than her friend. 


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